Wednesday, April 3, 2013

Dermoid Ovarian Cyst

A Dermoid Ovarian Cyst is a complex ovarian cyst condition, usually benign, characterized by mature ectodermal elements, having a fibrous wall lined with stratified epithelium, and containing keratinous material, hair, and sometimes material such as bone, tooth, or nerve tissue that is found in the ovary.

Dermoid ovarian cysts are called as well simply “dermoids” or ovarian teratomas. Dermoids may not show any symptoms during early development

Having liquid as well as solid components makes a dermoid ovarian cyst one of the three types of “complex ovarian cyst”; the other two are Endometioma and Cystadenomas.

This type of complex ovarian cyst is created using basic cells known as ova; these cells are common to the human egg. The cells within the ova are the basic building blocks of every type of tissue that a human body can grow, which is why this kind of ovarian cyst can contain bone, tooth, hair or even nerve tissue inside.

Dermoid ovarian cyst is rarely cancerous, approximately only 2 percent of these types of complex ovarian cysts are found to be malignant, but they can twist (known as ovarian torsion) causing a lot of harm to the ovary and a lot of pain to the woman who suffers of this condition. This type of cysts can become inflamed causing severe abdominal pain.

Since Dermoids contents can vary a lot the ultrasound image can vary, so the best option to diagnose this kind of complex ovarian cyst is with a CT Scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that can show the presence of fat and dense calcifications.

Dermoid ovarian cysts are perhaps the most bizarre type of complex ovarian cyst. They can grow as big as 15 centimeters across. Women at their reproductive age are at higher risk, but it can affect to women of any age. Due to the complexity for this type of complex ovarian cyst the most common treatment is surgery in order to remove them and avoid further complications. It is preferably to remove the dermoid cyst in one piece.  Normally with a laparoscopic surgery will be enough, this procedure will only require a small incision and introduce small surgical instruments to get the cyst removed.

If the ovarian cyst is too big already then an open surgery may be needed in order to remove the ovarian cyst.  Both procedures can lead to infection, but the chances of complications due to this kind of procedures are low and normally with proper care and following the instructions of the doctors, it is possible to get back to the normal activities after a month if the procedure was a more invasive open surgery.

Removing a dermoid ovarian cyst will not lead to infertility, even if the ovarian cyst was big and the and the entire ovary had to be removed, it is possible to conceive as long as you keep one ovary.

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Tuesday, April 2, 2013

What Causes Ovarian Cysts?

There are different types of ovarian cysts, and each type can have a different cause but there are also common causes regardless of the type of ovarian cyst, some of the common causes of ovarian cyst are:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Reproductive factors
- Excessive pressure applied on top of the ovaries
- Excessive consumption of hormone-infused foods (most milks, meats which growth hormone has been added)
-  Stressful life style
-  Obesity
-  Genetic predisposition
-  Bad eating habits

The first root ovarian cyst cause is basically your family history, basically if you come from a family with ovarian cyst history it is possible that it has inherited as well as a genetic predisposition. So the genetic factor is cause number one according to many doctors.
 Another root cause is stress and illness, simply because a person with a lot of stress on daily basis got a weaker immune system, same if the person was ill lately the chances are the immune system is weak at the moment and an ovarian cyst is more likely to develop.
Bad eating habits also counts as a cause, because if the body doesn’t get enough vitamins, minerals and proteins it will eventually be weak, and will happen the exact same as what we said above, a weak immune system can’t fight it.

Functional Ovarian Cysts: These are the most common type of cysts and they occur because either the egg is not released or the follicle does not dissolve after releasing the egg, so it gets filled with fluids. There are two types of functional ovarian cysts:

Follicular cysts: This type of ovarian cyst normally appears when a follicle grows larger than normal and it doesn’t open to release the egg during the menstrual cycle. This type of ovarian cyst normally goes away in a few weeks, and most of the times no ovarian cyst treatment is needed.

Luteal ovarian cyst: this is a not so common type of cyst, after the follicle releases the egg, some tissue is left behind, and if that tissue gets filled with blood then a luteal ovarian cyst appears.  This type of ovarian cyst can go away in some months, but sometimes it can possible lead to an ovarian cyst rupture, which translate into severe pain and internal bleeding.

Cystic teratomas or Dermoid Cysts: when the ovary tissue develops abnormally and forms other type of body tissue like hair, bones, teeth or even nerve tissue.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome: also known as PCOS is caused by hormonal imbalance caused by the ovaries, when this happens many little ovarian cysts will appear on the ovaries, they are harmless but they mean higher risk to develop serious ovarian cysts in the future.
There could be a lot more of ovarian cyst causes but this ones are the most common ones, and knowing them it is possible to avoid them, and that is basically having a healthy lifestyle, avoid stress, eat well and exercise. If you do that you will lower the risk of having an ovarian cyst.

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